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Author Guidelines

1. Manuscript

The Journal of Tropical Environment Geography publishes the following types:

a. Research articles

The research article presents an original research, written in the usual format of a research result describing findings based on methodology and then discussed systematically and clearly.

b. Article Review

Article review is a summary and evaluation of book articles, articles, scientific speeches, and other media publications made by other authors. Summary and evaluation can be in the form of an understanding, criticism, suggestion, and argumentation on a topic and not reporting a fact or analysis. 

The article template can be downloaded at this link.

2. Originality Statement

Manuscripts received by the editor are manuscripts that have never been published or are being published in other publication media. The first correspondence or author must fill out a signed originality statement stating that the manuscript being submitted has never been published or is being published in other media publications. The signed statement form can be accessed at this link.

3. Citation Guidelines

Citation is written based on the APA (American Psychological Association) format or APA 6th Edition on Mendeley application. The following are examples of writing references based on the APA format:

3.1. Writing Indirect Citation

In the APA format, citations are not directly written in sentences / text by specifying the author's name and year of publication, without writing the page of work cited.

The author's name is mentioned in the sentence

Jones (1998) compared student performance ...

In 1998, Jones compared student performance ...

The author's name is not mentioned in the sentence

In a recent study of student performance (Jones, 1998), ...

3.2. Writing Direct Citation

Direct citations in the APA format are written by mentioning the author's name, year of publication, and the page of the sentence / text cited. Direct citations are divided into two types, namely short direct citations and long direct citations.

Short direct citation

Short direct citations are sentences that are cited less or equal to 40 words. Short direct citations are written in the text by citation marks at the beginning and at the end of the citations.

The author's name is not mentioned in the sentence

She stated, "Students often have difficulty using APA style," (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

The author's name is mentioned in the sentence

According to Jones (1998), "Students often have dificulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time "(p. 199).

Jones (1998) found "students often have difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?

Long direct citations

Long direct citations are sentences that are cited in more than 40 words. Long direct citations are written in individual paragraphs, with a distance of 5 taps / spaces from the left margin, and remain within 1.5 spaces (like text).

The author's name is not mentioned in the sentence

She stated: Students often have difficulty using APA style, especially when it is their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (Jones, 1993, p. 199).

The author's name is mentioned in the sentence

Jones's 1993 study found the following: Students often have difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help (p. 199).

4. Reference Guidelines

References are written based on the American Psychological Association (APA) format. The following are examples of writing references based on the APA format:

4.1 Books

Single author

Baxter, C. (1997). Race equality in health care and education. Philadelphia: Balliere Tindall.

Two or three authors

Cone, J.D., & Foster, S.L. (1993). Dissertations and theses from start to finish: Psychology and related fields. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

There is no author’s name

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Not the first edition

Mitchell, T.R., & Larson, J.R. (1987). People in organizations: An introduction to organizational behavior (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

The writer is a team or an institution

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Series / multi volume book (editor as writer)

Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1-6). New York: McGraw-Hill.


Kotler, Philip. (1997). Marketing management: Analysis, planning, implementation (Hendra Teguh & Ronny Antonius Rusli, translator.). Jakarta: Prenhallindo.

Articles or chapters in an edited book

Eiser, S., Redpath, A., & Rogers, N. (1987). Outcomes of early parenting: Knowns and unknowns. In A. P. Kern & L. S. Maze (Ed.). Logical thinking in children (pp. 58-87). New York: Springer.

Articles / terms in the reference book

Schneider, I. (1989). Bandicoots. In Grzimek's encyclopedia of mammals (vol.1, pp. 300 304). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Seminar papers or conferences

Crespo, C.J. (1998, March). Update on national data on asthma. Paper presented at the meeting of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, Leesburg, VA.

4.2. Serial

Journal Articles

Clark, L.A., Kochanska, G., & Ready, R. (2000). Mothers' personality and its interaction with child temperament as predictors of parenting behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 274-285.

Magazine article

Greenberg, G. (2001, August 13). As good as dead: Is there really such a thing as brain death? New Yorker, 36-41.

Newspaper article

Crossette, Barbara. (1990, January 23). India lodges first charges in arms Scandal. New York Times, A4.

Newspaper articles, no authors

Understanding early years as a prerequisite to development. (1986, May 4). The Wall Street Journal, p. 8

Book review in journal

Grabill, C. M., & Kaslow, N. J. (1999). Anounce of prevention: Improving children's mental health for the 21st century [Review of the book Handbook of prevention and treatment with children and adolescents]. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 28, 115 116.

Movie review in a journal

Lane, A. (2000, December 11). Come fly with me [Review of the motion picture Crouching tiger, hidden dragon]. The New Yorker, 129-131

4.3. Interview

White, Donna. (1992, December 25). Personal interview.

4.4 Other Works and Nonprinting Works

Television show

Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil / Lehrer news hour. [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.

Video / VCD Cassette

National Geographic Society (Producer). (1987). In the shadow of Vesuvius. [Videotape]. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.

Audio Cassette

McFerrin, Bobby (Vocalist). (1990). Medicine music [Audio Recording]. Hollywood, CA: EMI-USA.

Computer software

Arend, Dominic N. (1993). Choices (Version 4.0) [Computer software]. Champaign, IL: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Research Laboratory. (CERL Report No.CH7-22510)

4.5. Electronic Publication

Complete Works

McNeese, M.N. (2001). Using technology in educational settings. October 13, 2001. University of Southern Mississippi, Educational Leadership and Research.

Articles from online databases

Senior, B. (1997, September). Team roles and team performance: Is there really a link? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 241-258. June 6, 2001. ABI / INFORM Global (Proquest) database.

Journal articles on the website

Lodewijkx, H. F. M. (2001, May 23). Individual-group continuity in cooperation and competition undervarying communication conditions. Current Issues in Social Psychology, 6 (12), 166-182. September 14, 2001.

Institution documents

NAACP (1999, February 25). NAACP calls for Presidential order to halt police brutality crisis. June 3, 2001.

Institutional documents, without page numbers, without information of year of publication

Greater Hattiesburg Civic Awareness Group, Task Force on Sheltered Programs. (n.d.). Fund-raising efforts. November 10, 2001.

Author and time of publication information is unknown

GVU's 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). September 13, 2001.


Wilson, R.W. (1999, March 24). Pennsylvania reporting data. Child Maltreatment Research. March 30, 1999.

4.6 CD-ROM

Ziegler, H. (1992). Aldehyde. The Software Toolworks multimedia encyclopedia (CDROM version 1.5). Boston: Grolier. January 19, 1999. Software Toolworks. Nickell, Stephen J. (August 1996). Competition and corporate performance. The Journal of Political Economy, 104 (4), 724-747. December 15, 2003. Proquest Database (CD-ROM).

5. Tables, Pictures and Symbols

5.1 Tables are made on separate pages from the manuscript.

The table number and title are placed above the table in question. The tables are made given a unit number according to the description in the text. If there are word abbreviations in the table, they are given a description below the table. Also write down the source if the table was taken from another source of information.

5.2. Images can be in the form of photos, painting diagrams and graphs.

The image is created on a separate page from the manuscript. The picture number and title are placed below the intended image. The pictures made are numbered according to the description in the text. The caption is written after the title. Write the source of the presentation of the picture.

5.3. Symbols and mathematical equations must be stated carefully and clearly.

Decimal numbers are marked with commas (in Indonesian) or periods (in English). The amount is written according to International standards, for example: g, kg, cm, km, ml, 1.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


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